American Literature 5/11 – Writing a Conclusion


Conclusions wrap up what you have been discussing in your paper. After moving from general to specific information in the introduction and body paragraphs, your conclusion should begin pulling back into more general information that restates the main points of your argument. Conclusions may also call for action or overview future possible research. The following outline may help you conclude your paper:

In a general way,

  • Restate your topic and why it is important,
  • Restate your thesis/claim,
  • Address opposing viewpoints and explain why readers should align with your position,
  • Call for action or overview future research possibilities.

Remember that once you accomplish these tasks, unless otherwise directed by your instructor, you are finished. Done. Complete. Don’t try to bring in new points or end with a whiz bang(!) conclusion or try to solve world hunger in the final sentence of your conclusion. Simplicity is best for a clear, convincing message.

The preacher’s maxim is one of the most effective formulas to follow for argument papers:

  1. Tell what you’re going to tell them (introduction).
  2. Tell them (body).
  3. Tell them what you told them (conclusion).

@ OWL Purdue:

American Literature 5/8 – Introduction

Today we will discuss how to write an introduction for your paper. There are a couple important points that you need to keep in mind:

  1. Indent the first sentence (half an inch from the left margin)
  2. Your introduction should introduce the general topic to your readers and hook them so they want to read more.
  3. Is there any information you feel needs to be clarified? (Historical background, a central concept to your paper?) Give factual information that you will expand on in your main part.
  4. Be creative when you introduce the topic. Ask questions that get your readers thinking; provide an interesting phrase or quote that relates to the paper; tell a story or recount and event.
  5. Keep your introduction as short and concise as possible. About 1/2 – 3/4 of a page for a 5-7 page essay.
  6. Your paper should be 12-point Times New Roman type, double-spaced. Only one space after periods and other punctuation marks and margins are one inch on each side.

Example Research Paper:


American Literature 28/4 – Research Project Prompt

Hi everyone,

Unfortunately, I cannot be here for class today, so Mr. Shulkin will jump in and help you with your writing if needed.

Please work on crafting your first chapter. Remember, you want to go from broad to narrow. This is not the introduction but the first chapter of the body part of your essay. Be specific, choose an aspect of your interest that you can closely analyze by applying your lens to it. We will be working on the introduction next week.

At the end of class, please have a possible thesis statement for your work and a table of contents printed out to hand in.

Bring you first chapter to class on Monday.

American Literature 4/13 – Break Assignment

Yesterday, I gave a presentation on how to conduct successful research.

Please klick on the following link:

Research Part I

Kiara was so nice to film me, but I am having trouble uploading the videos. I will add them as soon as I have figured it out.

Please read the instructions for your break assignment carefully and contact me if you have any questions: Break Assignment

My email address is:

American Literature 4/7 – Lens Links

New Historicism – Eric, Josh, Carlos, Thomas,

Gender/Queer/Power Theory – Nereida, Desuray, Tracy, Vanna, Guyvens,

Critical Race Theory – Edgar, Mohammad, Agustin, Zack

Christian Theory  – Krystal, Angelica, Sara, Karla

Jungian Theory – Katherine, Luis, Devaunta, Kiara

Feminism – Jocelyn, Kathleen, Mariana, Miriam